7 種英文『說』法,你都學起來了嗎?

影片中提到,提高生產率的妙招之一就是記錄會議時與會成員的發言次數,這樣可以讓整個團隊都更有效率,影片中是用 talk 跟 speak 來表示「說」,但「說」的說法有好幾種,你都學會了嗎?

說 英文

Say 說;講;聲稱

Say 通常用來表達講話或報導的內容,如果是要表達一個人說了什麼,say 的後面通常是接 that 子句,像是:

He said that he would not attend the conference this year.(他說他今年不會參加那場大會。)

或是可以直接引用他人所說的話:

Terry said angrily, “I’ll never talk to you again!”(Terry 生氣地說:「我再也不會跟你說話了!」)

而如果是表達「對某人說」,則要用介系詞 to,像是:

He said hi to me in the hallway this morning.(他今天早上在走廊上對我說嗨。)

Tell 告訴;吩咐;忠告

Tell 主要是「提供資訊」給對方的意思,因此 tell 後面會接「人」:

Tell me about the party. Was it fun? (告訴我那派對如何,好玩嗎?)

I told you not to come home too late. You’re grounded. (我吩咐你別太晚回家的。你被禁足了。)

另外,像說謊(tell lies)、說故事(tell a story)、說實話(tell the truth)、說出秘密(tell someone a secret)等等,也都是用 tell。

Speak 講話;談論;發表演說

Speak 可以用在說一種「語言」,或是單向的對話,並且是用在比較正式、嚴肅的場合。而表達跟某人講話介系詞要用 speak to 或 speak with :

Anyone can learn to speak English fluently as long as they practice every day.(只要每天練習,任何人都可以學會流利地說英文。)

I need to speak to the boss about this new project.(我需要跟老闆討論這項新的專案。)

另外,在電話用語裡,要表示「現在是某某人在說話」,可以說 This is ___________ speaking. 像是 This is John speaking.

Talk 講話;談話;演講

Talk 的意思 跟 speak 頗相似,但是比較強調「對話上的交流」,且多被用在非正式的對話:

We were talking about our trip to Europe in May.(我們正在討論我們五月的歐洲之旅。)

Can I talk to you during our lunch break? (午休時間我可以跟你聊聊嗎?)

另外,talk someone into doing something 是說服某人做某事的意思。

Chat 閒談;聊天

The boys chatted about the ball game last night.(男孩們閒聊昨晚的球賽。)

Gossip 閒聊;傳播流言蜚語

It’s not appropriate to gossip at the workplace.(在職場上八卦是很不適當的。)

Converse (書面語)交談;談話

The two managers conversed about the acquisition in the conference room.(兩位經理在會議室裡面談論併購案。)