【多益高分達人】be、being、been 差別?不再頭昏眼花!

除了 am, is, are, was, were,你還認識哪些英文的「be 動詞」?若你腦袋一片空白,那你一定要繼續看下去!

情境問題

A: How are you doing with your startup business as a marketing consultant?

B: Lucky me! Everything is going as expected, but _____ self-employed is really not what I thought it would be.

(A) be
(B) being
(C) been
(D) X

be being

 

解答翻譯

正解:(B)

A: How are you doing with your startup business as a marketing consultant?
(你身為行銷顧問的新創事業做得如何?)

B: Lucky me! Everything is going as expected, but being self-employed is really not what I thought it would be.
(我很幸運!每件事都有如預期進行,但自己當老闆真的和我之前想的不一樣。)

 

答案詳解

想知道答案為什麼是 (B) being,有以下三個步驟:

1. 了解英文的「形容詞」平常都怎麼用

Self-employed 是個「形容詞」(自我僱用的),前面通常會有個「be 動詞(is, are, am…)」當整個句子的動詞,可能會像這樣:

She is self-employed.(她是自我僱用的。/ 她自己當老闆。)

 

► 推薦必讀:記性很差,東忘西忘?「記憶單字」獨門祕訣,不藏私告訴你!

背單字秘訣

 

2. 了解 be、being、been 等各種 be 動詞變化的差別。

請看「【老師救救我】英文也有 24 個 be 利?!」的詳細解說喔!

 

3. 了解讓英文的「形容詞」當「主詞」的用法

英文句子的「主詞」一定是「名詞」!
英文句子的「主詞」一定是「名詞」!
英文句子的「主詞」一定是「名詞」!

這個太重要了,所以要喊三遍。

因此,一個句子的開頭不會直接放「形容詞」self-employed 當主詞,所以答案 (D) 就錯囉。

那要怎麼樣讓「形容詞」變成「名詞」呢?很簡單,把 is self-employed 改成 being self-employed 就可以囉!因為 being 是所有 be 動詞的 ing 變化,可以當做「動名詞」來使用。

以下再舉幾個讓「形容詞」當「主詞」的例子:

Being helpful in the workplace can make you happier and more productive.
(在職場上樂於助人可以讓你更快樂、更有生產力。)

Being honest with yourself is the key to living life to the fullest.
(對自己誠實是活出精采人生的關鍵。)

 

重點單字

startup business(名詞)新創事業
marketing consultant(名詞)行銷顧問
◎ go as expected(動詞片語)如預期進行
self-employed(形容詞)自我僱用的
◎ as easy as I thought(形容詞片語) 和我之前想的一樣容易

 

延伸閱讀

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